Establishment of reference intervals of biochemical analytes for healthy Chinese volunteers during the screening process in clinical pharmacology trials

Establishment of reference intervals of biochemical analytes for healthy Chinese volunteers during the screening process in clinical pharmacology trials

Objectives: The laboratory reference intervals (gathering) plays a key role in clinical pharmacology trials, both in the screening process and in evaluating drug safety. However, the get-togethers tend to be confined to the general population, and data on residents get-togethers for a limited trial. The purpose of this study was to determine the appropriate get-togethers for use when screening specifically defined subgroups of healthy Chinese population in clinical pharmacology trials.


Methods: A total of 773 healthy Chinese volunteers (552 men and 221 women) who try to participate in clinical pharmacology trials were included in this study. Sixteen different biochemical analytes measured by Beckman Coulter Unicel DXC 800 automatic analyzer. Get-togethers, which are partitioned by gender using the Harris and Boyd and calculated using non-parametric methods.


Results: gatherings of 16 analytes biochemical for a healthy Chinese volunteers during the screening process in clinical pharmacology trials reported in this study. striking differences between get-togethers in this study and gathering provided by our laboratory or the existing literature was also observed. Compared with our institutional gatherings, get-togethers newly established more applicable to the population of the current session.


Conclusion: The get-together in this study can serve as a powerful clinical tool for the screening process in clinical pharmacology trials. However, these gatherings should be re-verified if any circumstances change. These results also emphasize the importance of rebuilding the gatherings are more applicable for testing local population.

 Establishment of reference intervals of biochemical analytes for healthy Chinese volunteers during the screening process in clinical pharmacology trials
Establishment of reference intervals of biochemical analytes for healthy Chinese volunteers during the screening process in clinical pharmacology trials

False, marked leukocytosis in 2 cats with Heinz body hemolytic anemia

Two domestic shorthair cat presented with anorexia and dehydration after intake of caramelized onions. Delivering the key findings from the CBC (ADVIA 2120), serum biochemistry, and urinalysis including counterfeit, marked leukocytosis with discordant basophils (BASO) channel and channel number WBC peroxidase, the directions normal leukocyte number, light, anemia non-regenerative the difference between automatic and the number of reticulocytes, the abundance of large Heinz body (HBs), and scattergrams very irregular.

Case 1 also shows the concentration was significantly increased average living cell hemoglobin (MCHC) and the difference between the index of RBC hemoglobin. Results leukocytes fake confirmed through re-analysis of samples (including the acquisition of new samples, use an analysis of alternatives (Sysmex XT-2000iV; Case 1 only), and evaluation of scattergrams and blood films (Cases 1 and 2).

Repeatedly the number of discrepant reticulocytes also identified . in both cases, the wrong number of BASO WBC, the difference in the number of reticulocytes and index of RBC, and scattergrams atypical interpreted with results from the various effects of HBs, these cases emphasize the importance of reviewing the film of blood, interpret scattergrams, and usefulness of the method duplicates to determine various measurands on a hematology analyzer.

Cefuroxime sodium salt

GA1625-5 5
EUR 208

Cefuroxime sodium salt

GA1625-5G 5 g
EUR 288

Cefuroxime Sodium Salt, 86-100%

84755 2 Gms
EUR 9.38
Description: Part B

Oleic acid, For biochemistry

RM5371-5ML 1 unit
EUR 50.98
Description: Oleic acid, For biochemistry

Amino acid-kit ?(for biochemistry)

K007-1KT 1 unit
EUR 67.59
Description: Amino acid-kit ?(for biochemistry)

Amino acid-kit ?(for biochemistry)

K007-5KT 1 unit
EUR 303.95
Description: Amino acid-kit ?(for biochemistry)

Cefuroxime Sodium

317455 100.0mg
EUR 120

Cefuroxime Sodium

C023-1G 1 g
EUR 77.89
Description: C16H15N4N/AO8S

Cefuroxime Sodium

C023-5G 5 g
EUR 258.61
Description: C16H15N4N/AO8S

Cefuroxime (sodium)

HY-B1256 1g
EUR 192

Cefuroxime sodium

T1224-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: Cefuroxime sodium

Cefuroxime sodium

T1224-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: Cefuroxime sodium

Cefuroxime sodium

T1224-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: Cefuroxime sodium

Cefuroxime sodium

T1224-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: Cefuroxime sodium

Cefuroxime sodium

T1224-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: Cefuroxime sodium

Cefuroxime sodium

MBS577332-100mg 100mg
EUR 130

Cefuroxime sodium

MBS577332-1g 1g
EUR 165

Cefuroxime sodium

MBS577332-500mg 500mg
EUR 140

Cefuroxime sodium

MBS577332-5x1g 5x1g
EUR 585

Cefuroxime sodium

MBS3841671-100mg 100mg
EUR 170

Cefuroxime sodium

MBS3841671-250mg 250mg
EUR 245

Cefuroxime sodium

MBS3841671-5x250mg 5x250mg
EUR 1105

Cefuroxime sodium

MBS3605045-100mg 100mg
EUR 210

Cefuroxime sodium

MBS3605045-50mg 50mg
EUR 200

Cefuroxime sodium

MBS3605045-5x100mg 5x100mg
EUR 630

Acetobromo-D-Glucose extrapure for biochemistry, 98%

34437 10 Gms
EUR 55.13
Description: Part B

L-Lysine Monohydrate (base) extrapure for biochemistry, 99%

85187 25 Gms
EUR 13.48
Description: Part A

D-Maltose Monohydrate for bacteriology and biochemistry

59338 100 Gms
EUR 1.85
Description: Part A

Cefuroxime Sodium Salt ((6R, 7R)-3-[[(Aminocarbonyl)oxy]methyl]-7-[[(2Z)-2-furanyl(methoxyimino)acetyl]amino]-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic Acid Sodium Salt)

MBS6062761-1g 1(g
EUR 460

Cefuroxime Sodium Salt ((6R, 7R)-3-[[(Aminocarbonyl)oxy]methyl]-7-[[(2Z)-2-furanyl(methoxyimino)acetyl]amino]-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic Acid Sodium Salt)

MBS6062761-5x1g 5x1g
EUR 1925

Cefuroxime

C248088 100mg
EUR 487
Description: 55268-75-2

Cefuroxime

GA9610 100mg
EUR 114.58

Cefuroxime

GA9610-1 1
EUR 125.1

Cefuroxime

GA9610-100 100
EUR 39.4

Cefuroxime

GA9610-100MG 100 mg
EUR 84

Cefuroxime

GA9610-1G 1 g
EUR 187.2

Cefuroxime

GA9610-250 250
EUR 63.3

Cefuroxime

GA9610-250MG 250 mg
EUR 112.8

Cefuroxime

HY-B1256A 100 mg
EUR 421
Description: Cefuroxime is an orally active second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with increased stability to β-lactamase. Cefuroxime has a broad spectrum activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria[1].

Cefuroxime-d3

C248052 10mg
EUR 293

Cefuroxime-d3

MBS6023901-1mg 1(mg
EUR 605

Cefuroxime-d3

MBS6023901-5x1mg 5x1mg
EUR 2565

Cefuroxime-d3

HY-B1256S 1 mg
EUR 740.27
Description: Cefuroxime-d3 is deuterium labeled Cefuroxime (sodium). Cefuroxime sodium is an orally active second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with increased stability to β-lactamase. Cefuroxime sodium has a broad spectrum activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria[1].

Cefuroxime axetil

584893 350.0mg
EUR 535

Cefuroxime Axetil

C248065 100mg
EUR 227
Description: 64544-07-6

Cefuroxime axetil

C6478-25 25mg
EUR 45

Cefuroxime axetil

T1227-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: Cefuroxime axetil

Cefuroxime axetil

T1227-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: Cefuroxime axetil

Cefuroxime axetil

T1227-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: Cefuroxime axetil

Cefuroxime axetil

T1227-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: Cefuroxime axetil

Cefuroxime axetil

T1227-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: Cefuroxime axetil

Cefuroxime Axetil

MBS6094618-100mg 100(mg
EUR 610

Cefuroxime Axetil

MBS6094618-5x100mg 5x100mg
EUR 2600

Cefuroxime axetil

MBS3842329-10mg 10mg
EUR 170

Cefuroxime axetil

MBS3842329-50mg 50mg
EUR 310

Cefuroxime axetil

MBS3842329-5mg 5mg
EUR 140

Cefuroxime axetil

MBS3842329-5x50mg 5x50mg
EUR 1380

Descarbamoyl Cefuroxime

D288830 10mg
EUR 198
Description: 56271-94-4

Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

T11000-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

T11000-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

T11000-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

T11000-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

T11000-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

Descarbamoyl Cefuroxime

MBS6076803-5mg 5(mg
EUR 525

Descarbamoyl Cefuroxime

MBS6076803-5x5mg 5x5(mg
EUR 2210

Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

MBS5766477-5mg 5mg
EUR 915

Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

MBS5766477-5x5mg 5x5mg
EUR 3970

Descarbamoyl cefuroxime

HY-135372 Get quote Ask for price
Description: Descarbamoyl cefuroxime is a degradation product of Cefuroxime. Descarbamoyl cefuroxime is also an intermediate for the synthesis of Cephalosporin antibiotics[1][2].

Cefuroxime (free base)

412546 100.0mg
EUR 418

Cefuroxime free acid

C282-1G 1 g
EUR 79.57
Description: C16H16N4O8S

Cefuroxime free acid

C282-5G 5 g
EUR 264.35
Description: C16H16N4O8S

Cefuroxime Axetil-d3

C248067 25mg
EUR 11200

Cefuroxime CXM 30 mcg

SD061-1PK 1 unit
EUR 6.31
Description: Cefuroxime CXM 30 mcg

Cefuroxime CXM 30 mcg

SD061-1VL 1 unit
EUR 2.99
Description: Cefuroxime CXM 30 mcg

Cefuroxime CXM 30 mcg

SD061-5CT 1 unit
EUR 6.65
Description: Cefuroxime CXM 30 mcg

Cefuroxime CXM 30 mcg

SD061-5VL 1 unit
EUR 11.84
Description: Cefuroxime CXM 30 mcg

Cefuroxime CXM 30 mcg

SD061-5X50DS 1 unit
EUR 6.5
Description: Cefuroxime CXM 30 mcg

Di(cefuroxime Ethyl) Ether

D431300 5mg
EUR 800
Description: 1202925-10-7

(E)-Cefuroxime-d3 Axetil

C248077 100mg
EUR 17000

Descarbamoyl Cefuroxime-d3

D288832 10mg
EUR 224

Descarbamoyl Cefuroxime-d3

MBS6028446-1mg 1(mg
EUR 605

Descarbamoyl Cefuroxime-d3

MBS6028446-5x1mg 5x1mg
EUR 2565

Δ2-Cefuroxime Methyl Ester

C248085 50mg
EUR 173

Cefuroxime Axetil Impurity C (85%)

C248080 10mg
EUR 775
Description: 76598-06-6

Cefuroxime Axetil (USP grade powder)

51R-U098220 350 mg
EUR 580
Description: Cefuroxime Axetil (USP grade powder) chemical reference substance

Cefuroxime Axetil (USP grade powder)

MBS539936-350mg 350mg
EUR 950

Cefuroxime Axetil (USP grade powder)

MBS539936-5x350mg 5x350mg
EUR 4120

Desacetyloxyethyl (E)-Cefuroxime Axetil

D289280 10mg
EUR 295
Description: 97232-97-8

Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

EM102-10ST 1 unit
EUR 21.95
Description: Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

EM102-120ST 1 unit
EUR 143.06
Description: Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

EM102-150ST 1 unit
EUR 164.38
Description: Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

EM102-30ST 1 unit
EUR 53.07
Description: Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

EM102-60ST 1 unit
EUR 95.53
Description: Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

EM102-90ST 1 unit
EUR 124.27
Description: Cefuroxime Ezy MIC Strip CXM (0.016-256m

Delta2-Cefuroxime Axetil (Cefuroxime Axetil Delta-3 Isomer)

C248070 10mg
EUR 2325
Description: 123458-61-7

5-Aminomethyl-2-carboxy Cefuroxime

C249000 25mg
EUR 9200

Cefuroxime Axetil d-3 iso (USP grade powder)

51R-U098231 10 mg
EUR 1761
Description: Cefuroxime Axetil d-3 iso (USP grade powder) chemical reference substance

Cefuroxime Axetil d-3 iso (USP grade powder)

MBS539937-10mg 10mg
EUR 2820

Cefuroxime Axetil d-3 iso (USP grade powder)

MBS539937-5x10mg 5x10mg
EUR 12550

Cefuracetime (E-isomer) Sodium Salt

C243940 100mg
EUR 234
Description: 97170-20-2

Biochemical Test Kit for Salmonella

K141-10KT 1 unit
EUR 25.63
Description: Biochemical Test Kit for Salmonella

Biochemical Test Kit for Salmonella

K141-5KT 1 unit
EUR 14.23
Description: Biochemical Test Kit for Salmonella

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Salmonel

KBM002-5KT 1 unit
EUR 29.67
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Salmonel

Biochemical Test Kit for Shigella

K140-10KT 1 unit
EUR 130.52
Description: Biochemical Test Kit for Shigella

Biochemical Test Kit for Shigella

K140-5KT 1 unit
EUR 72.53
Description: Biochemical Test Kit for Shigella

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for

KBM002-10KT 1 unit
EUR 50.53
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for

KBM002-20KT 1 unit
EUR 72.14
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for E.coli

KBM001-10KT 1 unit
EUR 50.53
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for E.coli

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for E.coli

KBM001-20KT 1 unit
EUR 72.14
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for E.coli

Biochemical Test Kit for Vibrio cholera

K138-10KT 1 unit
EUR 94.6
Description: Biochemical Test Kit for Vibrio cholera

Biochemical Test Kit for Vibrio cholera

K138-5KT 1 unit
EUR 49.85
Description: Biochemical Test Kit for Vibrio cholera

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. chol

KBM004-10KT 1 unit
EUR 68.78
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. chol

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. chol

KBM004-20KT 1 unit
EUR 98.33
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. chol

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. chol

KBM004-5KT 1 unit
EUR 40.38
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. chol

Biochemical Test Kit for Vibrio parahaem

K139-10KT 1 unit
EUR 94.92
Description: Biochemical Test Kit for Vibrio parahaem

Biochemical Test Kit for Vibrio parahaem

K139-5KT 1 unit
EUR 50
Description: Biochemical Test Kit for Vibrio parahaem

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. parah

KBM005-10KT 1 unit
EUR 68.78
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. parah

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. parah

KBM005-20KT 1 unit
EUR 98.33
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. parah

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. parah

KBM005-5KT 1 unit
EUR 40.38
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for V. parah

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Listeria

KBM003A-10KT 1 unit
EUR 50.53
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Listeria

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Listeria

KBM003A-20KT 1 unit
EUR 72.14
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Listeria

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Listeria

KBM003A-5KT 1 unit
EUR 29.67
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Listeria

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Shigella

KBM006-10KT 1 unit
EUR 68.83
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Shigella

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Shigella

KBM006-20KT 1 unit
EUR 98.33
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Shigella

HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Shigella

KBM006-5KT 1 unit
EUR 40.38
Description: HiMotility™ Biochemical Kit for Shigella

HEPES Sodium Salt for molecular biology, 99%

32225 25 Gms
EUR 11.85
Description: Part B

Octyl sulphate, sodium salt, For HPLC

RM1734-1G 1 unit
EUR 17.44
Description: Octyl sulphate, sodium salt, For HPLC

Octyl sulphate, sodium salt, For HPLC

RM1734-5G 1 unit
EUR 78.49
Description: Octyl sulphate, sodium salt, For HPLC

Bromocresol Purple Sodium Salt for molecular biology

24836 5 Gms
EUR 2.05
Description: Part A

Cefoxitin Sodium Salt

B1892-1G each
EUR 222

Cefoxitin Sodium Salt

B1892-500 each
EUR 157.2

Cefoxitin Sodium Salt

B1892-5G each
EUR 692.4

Cefazolin Sodium Salt

B1530-1G each
EUR 170.4

Cefazolin Sodium Salt

B1530-5G each
EUR 430.8

Cefoxitin Sodium Salt

C243200 1g
EUR 391
Description: 33564-30-6

Cefonicid (sodium salt)

C3812-1000 1 g
EUR 291
Description: second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefonicid (sodium salt)

C3812-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 38
Description: second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefonicid (sodium salt)

C3812-500 500 mg
EUR 164
Description: second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefazolin (sodium salt)

C4183-1000 1 g
EUR 97
Description: broad-spectrum, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefazolin (sodium salt)

C4183-250 250 mg
EUR 43
Description: broad-spectrum, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefazolin (sodium salt)

C4183-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 38
Description: broad-spectrum, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefazolin (sodium salt)

C4183-500 500 mg
EUR 72
Description: broad-spectrum, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefazolin Sodium Salt

C242500 100mg
EUR 80
Description: 27164-46-1

Cefoxitin (sodium salt)

C4849-1000 1 g
EUR 116
Description: second generation cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefoxitin (sodium salt)

C4849-250 250 mg
EUR 40
Description: second generation cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefoxitin (sodium salt)

C4849-500 500 mg
EUR 70
Description: second generation cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefoxitin sodium salt

GA4412 250mg
EUR 239.02

Cefazolin sodium salt

GA4751 1g
EUR 130.36

Ceftiofur sodium salt

GA9758 1g
EUR 62.17

Cefapirin sodium salt

GP5306 250mg
EUR 115.8

Cefoxitin sodium salt

GA4412-1 1
EUR 79.1

Cefoxitin sodium salt

GA4412-1G 1 g
EUR 132

Cefoxitin sodium salt

GA4412-250 250
EUR 31.7

Cefoxitin sodium salt

GA4412-250MG 250 mg
EUR 74.4

Cefoxitin sodium salt

GA4412-5 5
EUR 261

Cefoxitin sodium salt

GA4412-5G 5 g
EUR 351.6

Cefazolin sodium salt

GA4751-1 1
EUR 55.4

Cefazolin sodium salt

GA4751-1G 1 g
EUR 103.2

Cefazolin sodium salt

GA4751-5 5
EUR 142.4

Cefazolin sodium salt

GA4751-5G 5 g
EUR 208.8

Cefapirin sodium salt

GP5306-1 1
EUR 126.5

Cefapirin sodium salt

GP5306-1G 1 g
EUR 189.6

Cefapirin sodium salt

GP5306-250 250
EUR 55.4

Cefapirin sodium salt

GP5306-250MG 250 mg
EUR 103.2

Ceftiofur sodium salt

GA9758-1 1
EUR 67.9

Ceftiofur sodium salt

GA9758-1G 1 g
EUR 132

Cefazolin sodium salt

MBS577939-100mg 100mg
EUR 150

Cefazolin sodium salt

MBS577939-500mg 500mg
EUR 195

Cefazolin sodium salt

MBS577939-50mg 50mg
EUR 145

Cefazolin sodium salt

MBS577939-5x500mg 5x500mg
EUR 740

Cefazolin sodium salt

MBS3603829-100mg 100mg
EUR 195

Cefazolin sodium salt

MBS3603829-500mg 500mg
EUR 215

Cefazolin sodium salt

MBS3603829-50mg 50mg
EUR 185

Cefazolin sodium salt

MBS3603829-5x500mg 5x500mg
EUR 660

Cefotaxime Sodium Salt

20-abx082178
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 mg
  • 5 g

Cefotaxime Sodium Salt

40310008-1 5 g
EUR 89.68

Cefotaxime Sodium Salt

40310008-2 10 g
EUR 134.51

Cefotaxime Sodium Salt

40310008-3 25 g
EUR 187.43

Cefotaxime Sodium Salt

40310008-4 50 g
EUR 272.69

Cefotaxime Sodium Salt

40310008-5 100 g
EUR 455.6

Cefsulodin Sodium Salt

40310029-1 100 mg
EUR 34.32

Cefsulodin Sodium Salt

40310029-2 1 g
EUR 89.68

Cefotaxime Sodium Salt

abx188641-100g 100 g
EUR 610.8

Cefsulodin Sodium Salt

C248090 1g
EUR 1231
Description: 52152-93-9

Cefotaxime (sodium salt)

C4588-1000 1 g
EUR 38
Description: cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefotaxime (sodium salt)

C4588-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 40
Description: cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefotaxime (sodium salt)

C4588-500 500 mg
EUR 129.6
Description: MIC: <0.1 ?g/ml for S. pneumoniae Cefotaxime is a cephalosporin antibiotic.

Cefotaxime (sodium salt)

C4588-5000 5 g
EUR 61
Description: cephalosporin antibiotic

Cefsulodin (sodium salt)

C5593-1000 1 g
EUR 169
Description: β-lactam antibiotic

Cefsulodin (sodium salt)

C5593-250 250 mg
EUR 72
Description: β-lactam antibiotic


Data from 1164 patients admitted to our Department of Urology from January 2011 to July 2013 were retrospectively reviewed; 714 patients (age, 5-87 years; male: female ratio, 1.8: 1) exhibited urolithiasis, and 450 patients (age, 12-94 years; male: female ratio, 3.8: 1). Blood and urine are collected from patients morning after hospital admission. Serum and urine parameters examined by automatic biochemical analyzer. Statistical analyzes including Mann-Whitney U test and binary logistic regression.

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